Fighting for a Living

Fighting for a Living

A Comparative Study of Military Labour 1500-2000

Though fighting is clearly hard work, historians have not paid much attention to warfare and military service as forms of labor. This collection does just that, bringing together the usually disparate fields of military and labor history. The contributors—including Robert Johnson, Frank Tallett, and Gilles Veinstein—undertake the first systematic comparative analysis of military labor across Europe, Africa, America, the Middle East, and Asia. In doing so, they explore the circumstances that have produced starkly different systems of recruiting and employing soldiers in different parts of the globe over the last five hundred years.
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Introduction: Understanding changes in military recruitment and employment worldwide / Erik-Jan Zurcher
  • Military labor in China, c. 1500 / David M. Robinson
  • From the mamluks to the mansabdars: A social history of military services in South Asia, c. 1500 to c. 1650 / Kaushik Roy
  • On the Ottoman janissaries (fourteenth-nineteenth centuries) / Gilles Veinstein
  • Soldiers in Western Europe, c. 1500-1790 / Frank Tallett
  • The Scottish mercenary as a migrant labourer in Europe, 1550-1650 / James Miller
  • Change and continuity in mercenary armies: Central Europe, 1650-1750 / Michael Sikora
  • Peasants fighting for a living in early modern North India / Dirk H. A. Kolff
  • “True to their salt” : Mechanisms for recruiting and managing military labour in the army of the East India Company during the Carnatic Wars in India / Robert Johnson
  • “The scum of every county, the refuse of mankind” : Recruiting the British Army in the eighteenth century / Peter Way
  • Mobilization of warrior populations in the Ottoman context, 1750-1850 / Virginia H. Aksan
  • Military employment in Qing dynasty China / Christine Moll-Murata and Ulrich Theobald
  • Military service and the Russian social order, 1649-1861 / Elise Kimerling Wirtschafter
  • The French army, 1789-1914: Volunteers, pressed soldiers, and conscripts / Thomas Hippler
  • The Dutch army in transition: From all-volunteer force to cadre-militia army, 1795 - 1830 / Herman Amersfoort
  • The draft and draftees in Italy, 1861-1914 / Marco Rovinello
  • Nation-building, war experiences, and European models: The rejection of conscription in Britain / Jorn Leonhard
  • Mobilizing military labor in the age of total war: Ottoman conscription before and during the Great War / Mehmet Besikci
  • Soldiering as work: The all-volunteer force in the United States / Beth Bailey
  • Private contractors in war from the 1990s to the present: A review essay / S. Yelda Kaya
  • Collective bibliography
  • Notes on Contributors



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